HOW TO TREK IN HIGH- ALTITUDE
Trekking is a fun activity. Many climbers climb in high altitudes from 3,000m. As we know, the more the height, the more limited the oxygen. It is easy to stabilize for those who trek more often. These are the types of altitude sickness: High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE), High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE), and Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS). These are the symptoms: headache, dizziness, nausea, fatigue, and loss of energy, short of breath, coma, a cough that produces a white or pink frothy substance, sleep apnea, and loss of appetite.
Here are some of the tips to trek in high altitudes :
1. Be a tortoise, not the Hore
Leading to high altitudes means less oxygen, which means it will be more challenging to trek. Every climber should trek slowly and steadily. As you increase high altitude, your body immediately reacts to the relative lack of oxygen by increasing breathing levels and heartbeats. Since both, your lungs and heart, are working harder than usual, your body tries getting rid of any excess baggage that it might be housing. It does this by getting rid of excess fluids that it perceives as useless bodyweight.
2.Recognize the symptoms of altitude sickness
Mount sickness becomes much more common when you cross above 3000m. The mild effects of altitude sickness are logically common and usually diminish after a couple of days of acclimatization after the time it would be possible to walk higher sequentially. Lingering more at high altitudes where you feel sick can lead to a dangerous situation.
5. Eat like a horse and drink like a fish
In high altitude, proper food should be consumed which helps your body to obtain more energy for a prolonged way. If you’re losing weight on your trip, that is a sign that you need to eat more. Not just consuming food but you need to stay hydrated as well. Good sleep patterns and adequate hydration can help prevent symptoms of altitude sickness. Some researchers have explained that drinking a beverage that has carbohydrates and electrolytes (like sports drinks) is more beneficial at hydrating than only water at altitude.
6.Evade alcohol and cigarettes
As you go in high altitude while trekking, the density of the air reduces whereas alcohol and cigarette should be strictly avoided because acute acclimatization give poor circulation in hands and feet so you get more sensitive to cold, if those activities are done then it will cause serious sicknesses while trekking. For example: in 12,00ft (3,700m ) there will be 40 % less oxygen per breath whereas smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol will lead less than it should be. This leads to more sporadic chances to adjust yourself in the altitude where your depth of respiratory increases more and more.
7.Locate Supplemental Oxygen Upon Arrival
Well, our body is used to a certain amount of oxygen at sea level. When it suddenly gets minor oxygen, it naturally tries to remunerate by trying to take in more oxygen. Most of our bodies go through some changes and adjust well to altitude. But sometimes, our body might respond more slowly, or may not respond at all. Oximeter readings are used on high altitude treks to determine the oxygen levels in your body. At high-altitude, your readings should not drop below 70.
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